Paving materials are broadly divided into two categories — composite and quarried. The former (which is processed when soft and then fire dried) comprises paving options such as bricks and concrete. The latter includes quarried stone materials which are first dug out and then molded into desired shapes by splitting, cutting, or crushing. Selecting the correct alternative among the different types of paving materials may seem to be an exciting task.

However, with so many options available, you might get confused. Each type comes with its own advantages and disadvantages. Understanding the major attributes of every category will help you in picking the perfect option, which matches your requirements and budget.

An Overview of the Different Types of Paving Materials

Paving Material TypeUSP (Unique Selling Point)
SlateUnique texture and color
GraniteTough and weather-resistant
LimestoneDistinct, velvety finish
SandstoneEasily available and easy to work with
Cast-in-place concreteCheapest paving material
Pre-cast concreteHuge variety of colors and textures
BrickSuitable for all climate types

Quarried Stones

stone pavers

Stones fall under the quarried type and they are one of the common and most popular paving materials. Available in various colors, shapes, and sizes, natural stones offer a vast price range and are durable and versatile. You have the luxury to choose a stone variant as per your style specifications — ranging from irregularly shaped flagstones to precisely cut geometric blocks. Again, stones can be classified into various types, which are as follows:


Slate is available in a myriad of textures and unique, subtle colors. Quite attractive and often used as a flagstone, slate is easy to be shaped into flat, customized slabs. Do note. This factor also limits its usage as an outdoor material. Heavy traffic and harsh weather conditions can often cause slate to chip and flake.

Pro tip: Always use slate as a paving material in sheltered areas or regions with a mild climate.


If your primary requirement is durability and strength, then nothing can beat granite. Perfect for formal outdoor spaces, granite comes in cubes, brick-shaped pieces, or uniform-sized flagstones. It offers the largest range of options, among natural stones, in terms of colors. However, since granite is so hard, it is difficult to quarry and install — making it a costly option.

Pro tip: When price is a concern, use colorful granite sets as accents over your pavers. This will bring in its elegant looks and shall minimize your costs.


When budget is a concern, gravel is usually a go-to option for home owners. It is easy to install, comes in striking texture variations, and is a wonderful choice if you want an informal look in your landscape. The cons of gravel include it being susceptible to undergrowth. It is also a bit unstable to tread on.

gravel pavers

Pro tip: If you wish to buy gravel, always look for this label — “1/4 inch minus”. Anything with dimensions bigger than this will shift and cause instability to increase.


The fine-textured limestone offers a distinct, soft look and is evenly colored. It sports a limited range in terms of shades. But it is pretty easy to mold and cut into various shapes and sizes. The composition of limestone makes it vulnerable to acid rain. Continuous exposure can cause pitting and result in your pavement wearing out with time.

Pro tip: Opt for limestone if you want a distinct, velvety finish. Also, check for acid rain frequency. So, if you don’t live in an area with a serious acid-rain problem, then you can use it without any worry.


Sandstone is a versatile paving material, mainly because it can blend in with almost any kind of landscape. It is also available in an infinite range of color options. Additionally, it is easy to work with, is less expensive, and offers the same level of durability like granite. This category of quarried stone is easily available everywhere and you can get almost any quantity of stones, as required, in any locality.

Pro tip: When budget, durability, and availability are concerns, go for the all-rounder paving material, i.e sandstone.


concrete paving

Composite are more versatile and flexible when compared to quarried stones. You can easily mold them into different dimensions and even find them in several price ranges. Just like quarried materials, composites are available in a gamut of colors, textures, and styles. Below are the three types of popular composite pavers.

Cast-in-Place Concrete

Affordable and the standard go-to option for maximum home owners, concrete is quite easy to install and maintain. Now, if you think that cast-in concrete is plain because it is a conventional choice, then you are not entirely correct. Nowadays, you can get it in various patterns, textures and colors, to liven up your outdoors.

Precast Concrete

Modular and available in many shapes, sizes, and shades, precast concrete pavers are perfect if you want the unique look of stone but don’t wish to spend several dollars. You can also get modular permeable systems, which will soak in water instead of creating runoff — thereby, making it suitable for driveways, walkways, and patios.


brick paving

Classic brick blocks, with their reddish tones, shall lend warmth to any outdoor space. A combination of several uniformly sized bricks brings in a fun tone and suits almost all types of hardscapes. You can use them in wood decks and also in combination with other paving materials.


So there! Outlined above are the different types of paving materials from which you can choose one that matches your surrounding landscape. It should blend in with your fence, garden walls, plants, and any other outdoor elements that you are using. Whatever you do, spend some time and do the required research before arriving at a decision. Because, once you install your paving, it shall stay in your garden or lawn for several years — affecting the long-term appearance of your exteriors.

Read more: Cost to install laminate flooring: A complete guide

Different Types of Paving Materials: A Beginner’s Guide was last modified: October 14th, 2022 by Anisha Dutta
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Mindy Jollie
Mindy Jollie

I like what you said about limestone being easy to cut and shape. My husband and I have been thinking about replacing a good portion of our lawn with pavers. We’ll have to look into finding limestone.

Erika Bradey
Erika Bradey

I like how you mention how quarried stone materials are dug out before being shaped. If someone wants this type of stone, it would probably be a good idea to research local quarries. Researching them should help with figuring out which one carries the type of stone they want to work with.

Dennis Sanchez
Dennis Sanchez

Thank you for helping me to understand the different types of materials that are used in paving. I imagine that it would be important to pick the right kind of asphalt that will last a long time when paving a parking lot. It would be interesting to learn more about how the process of creating a parking lot works.


Just what I need, thanks! It’s been easy looking for the materials since your post is well-detailed. I would like to share the link to my acquaintance I hope you don’t mind, Thanks!

Paving Auckland
Paving Auckland

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